The KRG Structure

The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) is the autonomous governing body of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), and holds constitutionally recognized authority over the governorates of Erbil, Duhok, Slemani, and Halabja.

The KRG’s governance of the KRI is largely autonomous from federal Iraq. Iraq’s Constitution recognizes the KRG and the Kurdistan Parliament as Kurdistan’s governmental institutions and identifies the Peshmerga as the Kurdistan Region’s military force. The Constitution also gives the KRG authority to exercise legislative and executive authority in certain areas, including allocating the regional budget, security, education and health policies, natural resources management, and infrastructure development.

Kurdistan at a glance

StatusFederal Region
Political StructureParliamentary Democracy
Legislative Power111-seat Kurdistan Parliament

Kurdistan has an independent judicial system. The system is headed by a Supreme Court of Cassation, which decides cases of the highest importance, as well as cases that have been appealed through lower courts. The judicial system also has a number of lower courts that decide on commercial and criminal disputes.

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