Shanidar Cave is one of the most famous archeological sites located on Bradost Mountain in Erbil Province.
In the 1950s, Ralph Solecki unearthed the fossilized bones of ten Neanderthal skeletons at the Shanidar Cave, dating them to between 65,000 and 35,000 years ago. The discovery changed the understanding of early hominids, from their ability to walk upright to their possession of a more sophisticated culture than had previously been assumed.
Shanidar Cave was originally excavated by an American team. Now a British team has resumed its investigation after a five-decade hiatus.